Officials and Contact Information
Nikola Visković, emeritus, Faculty of Law, University of Split. Residence: Rendićeva 4, HR-21000 Split, Croatia.
Zoran Pokrovac, Faculty of Law, University of Split, Domovinskog rata 8, HR-21000 Split, Croatia. E-mail: email@example.com
Miomir Matulović, Faculty of Law, University of Rijeka, Hahlić 6, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ivan Padjen, past president and secretary, Faculty of Law, University of Rijeka, Hahlić 6, HR-51000 Rijeka, Croatia. Residence and mail address: Boškovićeva 22, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia. E-mail: email@example.com
Information on the Croation Association for Legal and Social Philosophy and Theory of Law and State
While the beginnings of legal education in Croatia can be traced back to the Dominican studium generale in the14th century Zadar, the first modern Croatian law school was founded in 1776 and reconstituted as a Faculty of Law at University of Zagreb in 1874. The Faculty taught political economy, finance and, by the first Austria-Hungarian chair in sociology (1905-), sociology and criminology, and even practical philosophy, as a required course in three terms taught by a philosopher. Nonetheless, the Faculty offered, due to the Austrian grounding of legal education in Roman Law and German legal history, philosophy of law and/or theory of law till 1933 only as optional courses. However, a Hegelian course in the General History of Law and State has performed the function of legal philosophy and/or legal theory.
Legal philosophy/theory became a cornerstone of Croatian legal education due to, bizarrely, Soviet communism after the II WW. Berislav Perić (1921-2008) of Zagreb Law Faculty established himself by a dissertation on autonomy and heteronomy in law in the writings of Immanuel Kant and Rudolf Laun (1955), at the time his colleagues in the University department of philosophy were writing on Marx and Plekhanov. Nikola Visković of Split Law Faculty (1938-) in his Pojam prava (Concept of Law) (1976, 1981) construed, following chiefly Carlos Cossio, an integral theory of law, which has been adopted by several Croatian legal theorists. It starts from professional experience of lawyers but with a view of providing also a Marxist critique of ideology, including a critique of the self-image of lawyers. To that end Visković’s integral theory conceptualizes law as a unity of legal standards of conduct, both positive and extra-positive, and social relations, that is, social conduct.
“The Working Group Law and Society: Fundamental Problems” of the Yugoslav (since 1990 Croatian) Academy of Sciences and Arts, led by Natko Katičić and Eugen Pusić, with the assistance of Ivan Padjen, engaged in the 1980s in a Croatian-styled Methodenstreit, publishing proceedings in five volumes of Pravo i društvo (Law and Society) (1980-89).
Miomir Matulović and Nenad Miščević were developing analytical philosophy of law in Rijeka in the 1980s and 1990s. Matulović, who introduced theories of human rights in Yugoslavia and Croatia, made many translations of texts in legal philosophy and edited special issues of periodicals on the subject.
Legal theorists from all Croatian law faculties, namely, Rijeka, Split, Osijek and Zagreb, accompanied by colleagues in political science and philosophy and led by Ivan Padjen, conducted a joint research projects “Theoretical and Methodological Framework of Legal Research and Legal Pluralism” in 1986-90. It was continued on a smaller scale (“The Rule of Law”, 1990-95, and “The Legal System: Fundamental Problems”, 2006-2014). Padjen and Miomir Matulović edited Croatian Critical Law Review (1996-99), with Zoran Pokrovac as a member of the editorial board.
It is against this background that Croatian Association of Legal and Social Philosophy and Theory of Law and State (hereinafter: CALSP) was founded in Split in 2007 by Žaklina Harašić (Split), Matulović (Rijeka), Padjen (Zagreb, Rijeka), Pokrovac (Split, Frankfurt/M.), Visković (Split), Duško Vrban (Osijek, Rijeka). Nenad Miščević (philosophy: Maribor, Rijeka) and Marko Petrak (Roman law: Zagreb) have joined as external collaborators.
The CALSP has been a sponsor of the 12th Croatian-German Juristic Symposion “Academic Rights between the Humboldt University and the Bologna Process” (Split, 25-26 April 2008), 4th Central and Eastern European Network of Jurisprudence Annual Meeting “Work in Progress” (Rijeka, 16 May 2008), and “The Concept of Law: Visković’s Integral Conception of Law” (Rijeka, 27-28 November 2009).
Pokrovac and Padjen edited Zabrana uskrate pravosuđa i prava: 11. Njemačko-hrvatski pravnički simpozij, Split, 27.-28. travnja 2007. / Justiz- und Rechtsverweigerungsverbot: 11. deutsch-kroatisches Jurisensymposium, Split, 27.-28. April 2007 (Split: Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Splitu / Rechtswissenshaftliche Fakultät der Universität zu Split i Hrvatska udruga za pravnu i socijalnu filozofiju / Kroatische Vereinigung für Rechts- und Sozialphilsophie, 2010), 404 p.
The Croatian Law on Associations that was adopted in 2014, with a view of regulating financial transactions of professional soccer clubs incorporated as associations, has brought activities of the CALSP – as well as of many other Croatian associations – to a virtual halt. The CALSP is this year resuming its activities as an association in a legal limbo, and including in its membership a new generation of Croatian jurisprudes.